Who needs a Russian visa in the 2020?


    In order to enter the Russian Federation territory in the 2020, citizens of most countries need a visa. EU, North American and Chinese citizens are those who need a visa to Russia. There is a visa-free regime between Russia and some Near East, Asian and South American countries. They don’t need a visa to visit our country.


    Information on this website is available in the following languages:
    Russian Russian, English English.


    Following information will help you to know, who needs a visa to Russia:


    If you need a visa, go to the guide:

    Step-by-step guide to get a Russian Visa


    List of countries

    I’ve made a convenient table, where you can find out if a citizen of a certain country needs a visa. You also will find important notes concerning some countries.

    You surely need a visa to Russia, if you are a citizen of EU, most Asian, African and North American countries, including the USA and Canada.

    List of countries, which citizens do or don’t need a visa to Russia:

    Who needs a visa to Russia?
    Citizenship Visa regime Notes
    Australia visa is required  
    Austria visa is required  
    Azerbaijan visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    Azores visa is required  
    Åland Islands visa is required  
    Albania visa is required  
    Algeria visa is required  
    American Virgin Islands visa is required  
    American Samoa visa is required  
    Anguilla visa is required  
    Angola visa is required  
    Andorra visa is required  
    Antigua and Barbuda visa is required  
    Argentina visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    Armenia visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    Afghanistan visa is required  
    Bahamas visa is required  
    Bangladesh visa is required  
    Barbados visa is required  
    Bahrain visa is required  
    Belize visa is required  
    Belarus visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types (including internal)
    Belgium visa is required  
    Benin visa is required  
    Côte d’Ivoire visa is required  
    Bermuda visa is required  
    Bulgaria visa is required  
    Bolivia visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    Bosnia and Herzegovina visa-free 30 days for the ordinary passports
    Botswana visa is required  
    Brasil visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    British Virgin Islands visa is required  
    Brunei visa-free up to 14 days for all passport types
    Burkina Faso visa is required  
    Burundi visa is required  
    Bhutan visa is required  
    Vanuatu visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    Great Britain visa is required  
    Hungary visa is required  
    Venezuela visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    East Timor visa is required  
    Vietnam visa is required  
    Gabon visa is required  
    Haiti visa is required  
    Guyana visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    The Gambia visa is required  
    Ghana visa is required  
    Guadeloupe, Guyana, Mayotte, Martinique, New Caledonia, Réunion, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Wallis and Futuna, French Polynesia visa is required  
    Guatemala visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    Guinea-Bissau visa is required  
    Germany visa is required  
    Gibraltar visa is required  
    Honduras visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    Grenada visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    Greece visa is required  
    Georgia visa is required  
    Guam visa is required  
    Denmark visa is required  
    Democratic Republic of the Congo visa is required  
    Djibouti visa is required  
    Dominica visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    Dominican Republic visa is required  
    Egypt visa is required up to 90 days for official passports
    Zambia visa is required  
    Zimbabwe visa is required  
    Israel visa-free up to 90 days for the ordinary passports
    India visa is required  
    Indonesia visa is required  
    Jordan visa is required  
    Iraq visa is required  
    Iran visa is required  
    Ireland visa is required  
    Iceland visa is required  
    Spain visa is required  
    Italy visa is required  
    Yemen visa is required  
    Cape Verde visa is required  
    Kazakhstan visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types (including internal)
    Cayman Islands visa is required  
    Cambodia visa is required  
    Cameroon visa is required  
    Canada visa is required  
    Canary Islands visa is required  
    Caribbean countries: Curaçao, Bonaire, Saba, Sint Eustatius, Dutch part of Saint Martin island and Aruba visa is required  
    Qatar visa is required  
    Kenya visa is required  
    Cyprus visa is required 24 hours (from an arrival) free-visa regime for transit passengers
    Kyrgyzstan visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types (including internal)
    Kiribati visa is required  
    China visa is required up to 15 days free-visa regime for tourist groups from 5 to 50 people (according to certified lists and reception confirmations from Russian tourist organizations)
    DPRK visa is required  
    Colombia visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    Comoro Islands visa is required  
    Costa Rica visa is required  
    Cuba visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    Kuwait visa is required  
    Laos visa-free up to 30 days for all types of passport
    Latvia visa is required up to 90 days visa-free regime for “the citizens of particular border territories with a «permission for a local border staying», 90 out of 180 days visa-free regime for the non-citizens of Latvia with international passport
    Lesotho visa is required  
    Liberia visa is required  
    Lebanon visa is required  
    Libya visa is required  
    Lithuania visa is required  
    Liechtenstein visa is required  
    Luxembourg visa is required  
    Mauritius visa-free up to 60 days for all passport types
    Mauritania visa is required  
    Madagascar visa is required  
    North Macedonia visa-free

    free-visa regime conditions:

    Get an invitation

    Malawi visa is required  
    Malaysia visa is required  
    Mali visa is required  
    Maldives visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    Malta visa is required  
    Morocco visa is required  
    Marshall Islands visa is required  
    Mexico visa is required  
    Mozambique visa is required  
    Moldova visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    Monaco visa is required  
    Mongolia visa-free up to 30 days for all passport types
    Montserrat visa is required  
    Myanmar visa is required  
    Namibia visa is required  
    Nauru visa-free up to 14 days
    Nepal visa is required  
    Niger visa is required  
    Nigeria visa is required  
    Netherlands visa is required  
    Nicaragua visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    Niue visa is required  
    New Zealand visa is required  
    Norway visa is required up to 90 days visa-free regime for “the citizens of particular border territories with a «permission for a local border staying»
    UAE visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    Oman visa is required  
    Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha visa is required  
    Cook Islands visa is required  
    Pakistan visa is required  
    Palau visa-free up to 30 days for all passport types
    Palestine visa is required  
    Panama visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    Papua New Guinea visa is required  
    Paraguay visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    Peru visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    Pitcairn Islands visa is required  
    Poland visa is required  
    Portugal visa is required  
    Puerto Rico visa is required  
    Guinea visa is required  
    Republic of the Congo visa is required  
    Republic of Korea visa-free up to 60 days for the ordinary passports
    Republic of Côte d’Ivoire visa is required  
    Rwanda visa is required  
    Romania visa is required  
    El Salvador visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    Samoa visa-free up to 60 days for all passport types
    San Marino visa is required  
    São Tomé and Príncipe visa is required  
    Saudi Arabia visa is required  
    Swaziland visa is required  
    Northern Mariana Islands visa is required  
    Seychelles visa-free up to 30 days for all passport types
    Senegal visa is required  
    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    Saint Kitts and Nevis visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    Saint Lucia visa is required  
    Serbia visa-free up to 30 days for the biometric ordinary passports
    Singapore visa is required  
    Syria visa is required  
    Slovakia visa is required  
    Slovenia visa is required  
    Solomon Islands visa is required  
    Somalia visa is required  
    Hong Kong visa-free up to 14 days for permanent residents with valid passports of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
    Macau visa-free up to 30 days for permanent residents with valid passports of the Macao Special Administrative Region
    Sudan visa is required  
    Suriname visa is required  
    USA visa is required  
    Sierra Leone visa is required  
    Tajikistan visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    Thailand visa-free up to 30 days for the ordinary passports
    Tanzania visa is required  
    Turks and Caicos Islands visa is required  
    Togo visa is required  
    Tokelau visa is required  
    Tonga visa is required  
    Trinidad and Tobago visa is required  
    Tristan da Cunha visa is required  
    Tuvalu visa is required  
    Tunisia visa is required  
    Turkmenistan visa is required visa-free regime for those who enter to assist in natural disasters and catastrophes
    Turkey visa is required  
    Uganda visa is required  
    Uzbekistan visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    Ukraine visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types (including internal)
    Uruguay visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    Federated States of Micronesia visa is required  
    Fiji visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    Philippines visa is required  
    Finland visa is required  
    Falkland Islands visa is required  
    France visa is required  
    Croatia visa is required  
    CAR visa is required  
    Chad visa is required  
    Montenegro visa-free up to 30 days for the ordinary passports
    Czech Republic visa is required  
    Chile visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    Switzerland visa is required  
    Sweden visa is required  
    Sri Lanka visa is required  
    Ecuador visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    Equatorial Guinea visa is required  
    Eritrea visa is required  
    Estonia visa is required 90 out of 180 days visa-free regime for non-citizens of Estonia
    Ethiopia visa is required  
    South Africa visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types
    South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands visa is required  
    South Ossetia visa-free up to 90 days for all passport types (including internal)
    Jamaica visa-free up to 90 days for the ordinary passports
    Japan visa is required Visa-free regime for visiting South Kuril Islands with particular purposes (according to lists certified by the Russian Embassy in Japan)

    Visa policy of Russia

    Russian visa policy is based on reciprocity, i.e. on bilateral agreements. In the 2020, citizens of some countries don’t need a visa but others have to apply for it in advance. In some cases it is possible to get a visa right on the border.

    There are several visa types for the foreign tourists:

    If the question about easing visa regime is raised, it mainly concerns tourist visas.


    Countries, which have visa-free regime with Russia

    There are different visa-free regime types:

    Regime of staying without limitations. Russian visa is not required at all!

    • Belarus
    • South Ossetia

    Up to 90 days of staying with internal passports

    • Kazakhstan
    • Kyrgyzstan
    • South Ossetia

    up to 90 days visa-free regime for international passports

    You need to remember that citizens of all countries can stay no more than 90 out of 180 days in a year.

    • Abkhazia
    • Armenia
    • Azerbaijan
    • Moldova
    • Tajikistan
    • Ukraine
    • Uzbekistan
    • South Africa
    • Latvia (only for non-citizens)
    • Estonia (only for non-citizens)
    • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    • Brasil
    • Colombia
    • Ecuador
    • Serbia
    • Venezuela
    • Guatemala
    • Chile
    • Israel
    • North Macedonia
    • Nicaragua
    • Peru
    • El Salvador
    • Uruguay
    • Fiji
    • Honduras
    • Jamaica
    • Costa-Rica
    • Vanuatu
    • UAE
    • Maldives

    Up to 60 days with international passports

    • South Korea
    • Mauritius
    • Samoa

    Up to 30 days of staying with international passpors

    • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    • Cuba
    • Macau
    • Montenegro
    • Mozambique
    • Serbia
    • Thailand
    • Mongolia
    • Seychelles
    • Laos
    • Palau

    Up to 14 days of staying with international passpors

    • Brunei
    • Hong Kong
    • Nauru

    Countries, which have visa regime with Russia

    If you are a citizen of EU, Japan, US or one of the African country, you need a visa to visit Russia. You can see more detailed information below. Follow the description of each country to learn more about obtaining Russian visa.

    Countries, which citizens require a Russian visa:

    • Australia
    • Austria
    • Azores
    • Åland Islands
    • Albania
    • Algeria
    • American Virgin Islands
    • American Samoa
    • Anguilla
    • Angola
    • Andorra
    • Antigua and Barbuda
    • Afghanistan
    • Bahamas
    • Bangladesh
    • Barbados
    • Bahrain
    • Belize
    • Belgium
    • Benin
    • Côte d’Ivoire
    • Bermuda
    • Bulgaria
    • Botswana
    • British Virgin Islands
    • Brunei
    • Burkina Faso
    • Burundi
    • Bhutan
    • Great Britain
    • Hungary
    • East Timor
    • Vietnam
    • Gabon
    • Haiti
    • The Gambia
    • Ghana
    • Guadeloupe
    • Guyana
    • Mayotte
    • Martinique
    • New Caledonia
    • Réunion
    • Saint Pierre and Miquelon
    • Wallis and Futuna
    • French Polynesia
    • Guinea-Bissau
    • Germany
    • Gibraltar
    • Greece
    • Georgia
    • Guam
    • Denmark
    • Democratic Republic of the Congo
    • Djibouti
    • Dominican Republic
    • Egypt
    • Zambia
    • Zimbabwe
    • India
    • Indonesia
    • Jordan
    • Iraq
    • Iran
    • Ireland
    • Iceland
    • Spain
    • Italy
    • Yemen
    • Cape Verde
    • Cayman Islands
    • Cambodia
    • Cameroon
    • Canada
    • Canary Islands
    • Curaçao
    • Bonaire
    • Saba
    • Sint Eustatius
    • Dutch part of Saint Martin island and Aruba
    • Qatar
    • Kenya
    • Cyprus
    • Kiribati
    • China
    • DPRK
    • Comoro Islands
    • Kuwait
    • Laos
    • Latvia
    • Lesotho
    • Liberia
    • Lebanon
    • Libya
    • Lithuania
    • Liechtenstein
    • Luxembourg
    • Mauritania
    • Madagascar
    • Malawi
    • Malaysia
    • Mali
    • Malta
    • Morocco
    • Marshall Islands
    • Mexico
    • Mozambique
    • Monaco
    • Montserrat
    • Myanmar
    • Namibia
    • Nepal
    • Niger
    • Nigeria
    • Netherlands
    • Niue
    • New Zealand
    • Norway
    • Oman
    • Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
    • Cook Islands
    • Pakistan
    • Palestine
    • Papua New Guinea
    • Pitcairn Islands
    • Poland
    • Portugal
    • Puerto Rico
    • Guinea
    • Republic of the Congo
    • Republic of Côte d’Ivoire
    • Rwanda
    • Romania
    • Samoa
    • San Marino
    • São Tomé and Príncipe
    • Saudi Arabia
    • Swaziland
    • North Mariana Islands
    • Seychelles
    • Senegal
    • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
    • Saint Kitts and Nevis
    • Saint Lucia
    • Singapore
    • Syria
    • Slovakia
    • Slovenia
    • Solomon Islands
    • Somalia
    • Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
    • Macao Special Administrative Region
    • Sudan
    • Suriname
    • USA
    • Sierra Leone
    • Tanzania
    • Turks and Caicos Islands
    • Togo
    • Tokelau
    • Tonga
    • Trinidad and Tobago
    • Tristan da Cunha
    • Tuvalu
    • Tunisia
    • Turkmenistan
    • Turkey
    • Uganda
    • Federated States of Micronesia
    • Philippines
    • Finland
    • Falkland Islands
    • France
    • Croatia
    • CAR
    • Chad
    • Czech Republic
    • Switzerland
    • Sweden
    • Sri Lanka
    • Equatorial Guinea
    • Eritrea
    • Estonia
    • Ethiopia
    • South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
    • Japan

    Special visa regime

    Special visa regime allows to stay at the Russian territory without visa on particular conditions.

    Passenger of a cruise liner

    Passengers of cruise liners don’t require a visa, if vessel’s stay in port is not more than 72 hours (in such case passengers can leave a ship for an organized tour but spend the night on the board). Also, you don’t need a visa, if Saint Petersburg is the only place of staying in Russia on liner’s route. If you want to leave a port individually, then you need to get a Russian visa in advance in the Russian Embassy (it’s not possible to apply for it in a port).

    Children under 16

    There is no need to issue a Russian visa for the children under 16, if they are entered in parents’ passport and travelling with them. If childrens’ name is not specified in parents’ passport or they plan to enter Russia without parents, so it is necessary to issue a visa (moreover, visa will be valid only if there is a notarized permission from parents). If child’s surname differs from parents’, it is also necessary to issue a visa (don’t forget to apply a birth certificate). However, in any case, a child needs an invitation to Russia.

    Transit

    If you go through Russia to another country you can get a transit visa. Such visa allows you to temporarily stay at the Russian territory. Officially, transit visa holder has a right to stay at populated area for a period not longer than 3 days. Such a visa can be obtained at the airport in a case, when you have a transit flight with departure from another airport, for example, if you need a transfer from Domodedovo to Sheremetyevo airport in Moscow.


    Q&A

    If you have any questions ask them in the comments to this article. I will try to answer them all.

    Ask a question

Ilya,
  Rating 5 - 3 votes

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