What is this restriction?
90 out of 180 days restriction is the visa policy of Russia, according to which you can stay in Russia no more than 90 out of each 180 days. It refers to all multiple-entry visas to enter Russia except work visa.
This restriction was introduced on 04.10.2007 according to the Federal law N 115-ФЗ of 25.07.2002. That’s why since 2008 foreigners arriving to Russia must be informed about limits of their stay. Such restrictions cause serious difficulties to those who is in need to often visit Russia on business (more than 2 weeks per month) because they don’t have a right to stay in the country more than 90 days out of each 180 days per year. As soon you reach 90-day limit, you will be able to enter Russia again in 180 days after the date of first arrival.
Such restriction refers to all visas but especially to visas with validity period of 3 months and more. State authorities manage the issue of such visas.
- In a case when you get a visa for 3 months, you will get a visa for another 3 months only after 90 days from the date of arrival under the previous one.
- If you get a visa for 1 year and more, you should oversee it by yourself and leave Russia on time. In case of violation you may be banned to enter the country and refused to obtain a visa in the future.
Such restriction doesn’t work on work visas because they are designed for the continuous stay in Russia. Issue of work visas in Russia is in charge of migration authorities of the Russian Federation. It is regulated with regard to the interests of the Russian population and the changing international environment.
If you don’t want to get a work visa but you need to stay in Russia for a long period of time, you can use a legal loophole. Read more about it in another article.
If you have questions ask them in comments. I will try to answer them all.